Belfast’s shame: Europe’s view and where it leads

Posted in On Northern Ireland, Translation with tags , , , , , , , , on June 18, 2009 by belfasttobrussels

A look at reports of anti-Romany violence in Europe :

The French free morning paper Direct Matin, which boasts some half a million readers, featured a picture of a distressed victim of the violence with this accompanying text :

“This Romany lady, accompanied by her child, was escorted yesterday to a leisure centre by police in Belfast, Northern Ireland.  The previous evening, she and a hundred other immigrants had to seek emergency refuge in a Church, having been victims of racist attacks.  The centre will thus offer them temporary shelter.  Racist violence has rapidly increased over recent days in Belfast : on Monday, participants in a demonstration of support for Eastern European immigrants were attacked by youths, who threw bottles and directed Nazi salutes towards them.”

Le Monde, the prestigious national paper, has a report including the following:

“For over a week, Northern Ireland’s Romany community has been subject to racist attacks.  Brick-throwing, insults, threats… Youths from a neighbouring loyalist area (The Village) have stepped up acts of intimidation.  On Monday, while residents of the area were demonstrating in support of their Romany neighbours, these youths counter-attacked with Nazi salutes and chants.  The Village’s loyalist paramilitary groups, who in the past have been involved in racist actions, condemned the events and claimed to have nothing to do with them.

In 2008, Northern Ireland had 1000 racist crimes, against 41 in 1996.”

Germany’s Der Spiegel reports:

“For days, they have been terrorised by right-wing extremists, who have thrown bricks at them and broken their house-windows.  Some 20 Romanian families are now seeking refuge in a Northern Irish Church.  Approximately 100 Romanians arrived, fearing attacks from “a small group of racist thugs”, said Pastor Malcolm Morgan on Wednesday.

The British Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, told MPs in the House of Commons that he hoped authorities were in a position to take “all the necessary action” against further attacks.”

And Brussel’s Le Soir reports from Naples, where a warning for Northern Ireland, and beyond, can clearly be witnessed:

“Death in Naples, live and met with indifference


CCTV cameras have captured a shooting in the centre of Naples.  Scooters can be seen creating panic amongst passers-by, then a man, shot, enters a metro station and collapses.  To widespread indifference.

Petru Birladeanu was Romanian.  He was 33 years old and lived in Naples.  He came to Naples seeking his fortune.  He played the organ there, in the Cumana underground station, in the Montesanto area.  He was always accompanied by his wife.  The passengers knew them well.

On the 27th May, a Tuesday, Petru was headed for the station with his companion.  They took each others’ hands.  It can be seen on the CCTV of via Pignasecca, which leads to Cumana.  Four scooters arrive, two men on each of them.  They are members of the Sarno di Pontcelli, one of the countless clans of local mafia.  They shoot in the air, horizontally, to the left and to the right, to intimidate those who might support the return to their territory of the old boss, Mariano, who had just been released from prison.  They shoot.

Panic.  Everyone flees.  Petru and his wife too, diving into the station.

They shoot blindly, and for Petru, fatally: a bullet into his underarm.  The underground camers show him, at first, standing and holding his companion’s neck, then staggering towards the barriers.  Then collapsing.  Then dying.

Beside him, his wife asks for help, shakes, loses all reason.

People are all around.  Plenty of them.  They are afraid, they are in a hurry, they don’t want to see.  They stamp their tickets, they watch but walk on, they step over the barriers so as not to have to stop.

So many people.  Without blinking an eyelid.

And Petru, the little Romany organ-player, dies at their feet.

“Shot”, as they say in Naples.

“Shot”, as Robert Saviano described in his incredible book, Gommorra, on the Camorra and Neopalitan indifference.

There was a hospital five hundred metres away.  The sun was shining outside.

People were saying hello to one other.

And then the most inhuman side of Naples, the most Neopalitan side of humanity – zero consideration for life.

Because death, that’s life.  Life is death too.

It was on the 27th May, but the pictures have only been on the internet for a few days.

In Italy, meanwhile, there has been a lot of official emotion, a lot of articles, a lot of flowers, a lot of indignation.

There has also been the expulsion of Petru’s little wife.

Look at these pictures.

Look carefully.

It’s here.

It’s now.

It’s us.”

And lest we forget, a reminder of the two girls whose death didn’t distract sunbathers on the beach.

EU-US : The secret meetings on anti-terror policy

Posted in Translation with tags , , , , , , on June 16, 2009 by belfasttobrussels

Today’s Le Monde has exclusively revealed a series of fourteen meetings on the principles of the ‘war on terror’, held between senior EU legal advisers and a US team led by John Bellinger, former Legal Adviser to the Secretary of State.  The meetings began under the Bush administration and one has been held since Obama assumed the Presidency.

The investigation reveals the existence of an eight-point plan encapsulating a common EU position to counter such practices as ‘black sites’ and ‘extraordinary rendition’.

…”Because the ‘Bellinger dialogue’ pushed the Europeans to formulate their own, united position.  They produced a document that would be useful for future discussions with the Obama team.  “I told them,” John Bellinger recalls, “OK, you think we’re wrong, but what rules are you proposing in the face of an external terrorist threat that presents new challenges for all of us.”

Thus, in September 2006, a document entitled “The Elements” was produced, whose vague name reflects the concerns held by the EU regarding its association with the foreign policy of the Bush administration.

Le Monde cites the eight points as follows:

“War

Europeans reject the paradigm of a “war” on terrorism.  The President of the United States, Barack Obama, has not abandoned it.  On the 21st May, he spoke of a “war against Al-Qaeda.”

Geneva Convention

The Common Article 3 of the Convention and Article 75 of the Protocol must be respected in the event of armed conflict.  Mr Obama has not clarified his position.

Illegal enemy combatants

Europeans completely reject this concept, launched by the Bush administration.  Prisoners always have rights.

Interdependence

Human rights and international humanitarian law are complementary, not mutually exclusive.  The United States have their doubts.

Procedures

The necessity to maintain procedural law for detainees, who must be able to protest their innocence before a court of justice.

Extraterritoriality

Insistence on the extraterritoriality of human rights law.  In particular, the 1966 Pact on Civil and Political Rights, which the United States disputes.

Torture

In harmony with the overarching European position on torture, no person may be transferred to a country where he/she risks being tortured.  Including from one Third country to another.

Secret detention

It is forbidden.  Mr Obama agrees.”

From an Irish or British perspective, we can see potential issues arising on the areas of extraordinary rendition, secret detention and thus torture.  The case of Binyam Mohamed also suggests British complicity in the Military Tribunal system invented by the Bush administration.  Regarding extraterritoriality, there has been much debate, which will reach the House of Lords, on whether the Human Rights Act applies to armed forces serving overseas.  There has been contradiction between David Miliband and Gordon Brown on the language of the “war” on ‘terror’.  It seems this follows, embarrassingly closely, the confusion in the White House on the issue.   In general, we might observe that both Ireland and the UK appear to fall closer to the US position under Bush than that of the EU.  Whether this weakens their relationship with Obama remains to be seen; the meetings are expected to continue.

Western secularism and Islamic feminism

Posted in Translation with tags , , on April 25, 2009 by belfasttobrussels

This article, by Ndeye Andújar of the Junta Islámica Catalana [Catalan Islamic Commission] and WebIslam, analyses the impact of both stereotyped and fundamentalist views of women in Islam, and their contribution to Islamic extremism.

It is of interest to the religious and to secularists alike: for the latter, to identify those elements of religious theory and practice that are beneficial is important in the pursuit of an integrated society that respects all its citizens. ‘Fundamentalist’ secularism also has to do this, to show that the source of these qualities is human and not sacred.

The article is equally of considerable interest as regards security and the oft-criticised battle for ‘hearts and minds’ in the European Muslim community.

Islamic feminism: challenges and realities for European Muslim women

In the European context, Islamic feminism is an alternative to dominant patriarchal interpretations. In the face of both religious fundamentalism and aggressive secularism, it demands freedom from all forms of discrimination.

The situation of Muslim women is currently the source of a passionate and polarised debate that presents a stereotyped, simplistic and even dualist vision. Although it is particularly difficult to identify all of the issues that revolve around the question, two primary narratives can be identified: one that demonises Islam and another that idealises it, in terms of the treatment of women in Islam.

As regards the former, an objective view of the realities enables us to affirm that Muslim women are indeed subjected to discrimination. Analysis based on this narrative is, however, mistaken because the origin of that discrimination is fixed within Islam, as inherent to it. The Koran – a spiritual message addressed to all men and all women – is confused with human laws formulated from the 10th century onwards.

The closed circle of the two narratives

A prevailing mistake in the West is to constantly show the negative face of Islam and to ignore those fighting against this injustice. From this perspective, only abandoning the religion will allow Muslim women to become free [a perspective notably expounded by Ayaan Hirsi Ali] . Yet this narrative is perceived by those it targets as a form of cultural imperialism. That is why many Muslims imagine the terms ‘colonialism’ and ‘feminism’ to be inseparable.

Confronted with this ‘colonial feminism’, fundamentalist movements appeal to Islam as a mark of identity for Muslim societies (or as a mark of identity for Muslim communities in Europe), a form of ideological resistance in the face of Western imperialism.

As for the latter kind of narrative, it claims that Muslim women already enjoy all their rights, but only in a complementary relationship with men. Women are placed on a pedestal, spoken of as a “fragile and beautiful pearl” to be protected. This vision infantilises women, prevents them from accessing the public sphere and conceals the obvious discrimination that exists.

We end up with a closed circle: fundamentalism makes separation of the sexes and distinct roles for men and women a battle flag against Western interference, which leads to various kinds of discrimination that are in turn presented by their opponents as conclusive proof that ‘Islam oppresses women’. Fundamentalism as the legitimate ‘representative’ of Islam is thus validated, and all those who fight against extremist elements are marginalised from the debate.

A movement of freedom and spiritual regeneration

In the face of this false dualism, there is a movement of men and women reclaiming freedom from all forms of discrimination within the framework of Islam. This movement believes that a degradation of Islamic tradition has taken place, with a false interpretation of the message of the Koran. Islam contains a significant element of liberation, whose reclamation as a framework for social emancipation is proposed by Islamic feminism. It is a movement of protest, but equally of spiritual regeneration.

These are men and women who challenge patriarchal interpretations and suggest an alternative reading of sacred texts, so as to achieve equality of rights and, at the same time, to refute Western stereotypes. Western culture’s claim to ‘superiority’, on the one hand, and aggressive secularism pitched against the fact of religion on the other, do not make for an effective opponent to fundamentalism. Quite the opposite: this attack on religion strengthens it and leads us into a cul-de-sac.

It is, therefore, essential that governments and civic society support this movement, to liberate the community of European Muslim women from foreign models and break from the monolithic view of Islam that exists in the collective imagination.

Finally, we need to find mechanisms to apply Islamic feminism to the European context, as an instrument to both normalise the presence of Muslims in Europe, and to reconcile their religious beliefs with their European identity.

Racism in Northern Ireland

Posted in On Northern Ireland on April 20, 2009 by belfasttobrussels

Today and tomorrow members of the United Nations are meeting to discuss the issue of racism, and look at progress made since 2001, when the Durban Declaration was agreed. From a Northern Irish perspective, it is important that Ireland and the UK endorse the draft text, based upon much compromise, to ensure institutional commitments are made to combat an increasing problem.

Events surrounding the recent Northern Ireland v Poland football match have been illustrating the need for action to combat racism. Since the riots on the day itself, a campaign against ethnic minorities in the Village area of Belfast, close to the original trouble, has led to over forty people leaving their homes. Five have left Northern Ireland outright.

The reaction has been, in some quarters, denial. Ulster Unionist Bobby Stoker challenged the figures by understating the number of people who had presented themselves as homeless to the Housing Executive. He failed to condemn without qualification the campaign of racial violence, mirroring Sinn Féin’s years of failure to condemn sectarian violence.

A worrying aspect of the trouble was the perceived identification of Polish migrants with the republican “enemy”, a word still used by the First Minister, Peter Robinson. This development raises institutional segregation of loyalist and immigrant communities.

As most Polish immigrants claim Catholic heritage, their children will be educated separately from Protestant Northern Irish children. The contribution of separation to creating an ‘other’, thus increasing the incidence of violence should not be underestimated. The sectarianism that was allowed to thrive in segregated education should not be permitted to evolve into racial hatred. Nor should the fact that most racist crime takes place in loyalist areas exclude republicans from promoting full participation in society.

This conflagration also impacts upon the response of the justice system to racially-motivated hate crime. The most recent figures show that only a third of members of a minority group considered the PSNI not to be racist; more worryingly, those who had had contact with the PSNI were more likely to consider it racist than those who had not. As the number of incidents recorded as racially-motivated rose from 226 in 02/03 to 976 in 07/08, it is essential that everyone has confidence in the PSNI to deal with racism as effectively as possible.

Bearing in mind the 976 racist incidents recorded, in the same period the Public Prosecution Service received 114 files from the PSNI which it considered to have been aggravated by racial hostility. This led to 77 summary prosecutions and 11 indictable prosecutions. There are, inexcusably, no figures available for convictions.

Race relations in Northern Ireland are in the remit of the Office of the First Minister and Deputy First Minister. Neither have commented on increasing race problems in recent times. In 2006, there was an annual plan for implementation of the Racial Equality Strategy – nothing has been published since devolution was restored to Stormont. In July 2007, a debate was held on the issue, proposed by the single Member of ethnic minority origins, Anna Lo. Closing, a Sinn Féin MLA said “Direct rule Ministers, although talking about this issue, may not have delivered much”, and the Assembly agreed on “urgent action.” Thus the issue was closed until the present day, not even registering in the evolution of the Shared Future Strategy into the Programme for Cohesion, Sharing and Integration for a Shared and Better Future, clearly named to capture the attention of the public and journalists alike.

There was a good report published in January by the Equality Commission.

There is a lack of confidence that the police is not racist. The justice system fails to prosecute the vast majority of racist criminals. Ministers, when not suggesting discrimination against foreigners, have little interest in the issue. Yet, in 07/08. there were three quarters as many racial crimes as sectarian crimes. The nature of hate crime is shifting and the institutions are not keeping pace. We can only hope that, once again, the population is ahead of its leaders.

The Pope’s contribution to neo-Nazi propaganda

Posted in Translation with tags , , , on April 8, 2009 by belfasttobrussels

This article, taken from the excellent rue89 website, reveals the now Pope’s agreement to publication in a fascist magazine, at a time when that ideology was gaining traction again in Austria and Germany. It is to be considered alongside the article by philosopher Kurt Flasch looking at the ideological shift in Catholicism, revealing perhaps something of the direction Benedict XVI intends to use his not inconsiderable political influence to pursue.

When Benedict XVI wrote for a fascist magazine

An Austrian parliamentarian has unearthed an old article from 1998, written by Cardinal Ratzinger in a German nationalist publication.

In January 2009, Karl Ollinger, an Austrian Green parliamentarian and specialist in the fight against the flourishing far right in his country, came across a special edition of Die Aula magazine, published to mark the anniversary of the 1848 German revolution.

Amidst the fabrications of holocaust-denying far-right German parliamentarians and members of the German neo-Nazi party, the NDP, he was dumbfounded to come across an article written by Cardinal Ratzinger entitled ‘Freiheit und Wahrheit’ (Freedom and Truth).

It is in fact a virulent attack on individual freedoms and the democratic system which can still be consulted in Vienna, in the Centre for Documentation and Archives of the Resistance (DOW), a body responsible for oversight of extremist movements.

The Church’s embarrassment

In the first instance, the diocese of Vienna stated that Cardinal Ratzinger never gave the green light for its publication in Die Aula. ‘Freedom and Truth’ was in fact an old text dating from 1995, published for the first time in a conservative Christian magazine.

No luck. The person who negotiated the publication with the Cardinal’s Secretary kept their complete exchange of letters: the Cardinal well and truly did give his written agreement to the re-publication.

Today, German extremists still consider Benedict XVI as one of their own and take pride in the fact that the sovereign was published in their magazine. The special edition is also for sale on the internet!

Die Aula defends holocaust-deniers

This information places the ideological shift since Bendict XVI was appointed Pope in a new light. Bavarian by birth, he would have difficulty explaining that he did not know what Die Aula was in 1998, the magazine being published in German. At the time, it openly supported the rise of Jorg Haider, whose unfortunate fame went beyond the borders of little Austria.

Die Aula defends holocaust-deniers and those it calls ‘victims of freedom of expression’, i.e. far-right politicians condemned for causing offence to Islam. It criticises laws that suppress holocaust-denying theories, frequently flirts with anti-Semitism and attempts to re-write Austria’s modern history. On the nomination of Benedict XVI, it loudly declared its joy.

http://www.rue89.com/2009/04/08/quand-benoit-xvi-ecrivait-dans-une-revue-facho

NATO Summit – draconian response to protest in Strasbourg

Posted in Translation with tags , , on April 1, 2009 by belfasttobrussels

With the G20 controversy, one could almost forget the NATO summit this week, hosted by Strasbourg. The preparations of counter-protests have been received with an authoritarian response, recalling the revelations that a UK government databank has been created on protesters. It seems the practice is international.  A few miles away is the European Court of Human Rights.

Removal of anti-NATO flags “is not acceptable”

Strasbourg – the Socialist mayor of Strasbourg, Roland Ries, has declared in a press release that “it is not acceptable” that “certain residents of Strasbourg have been ordered to remove from their windows the rainbow flag, a symbol of piece.” According to the joint anti-NATO committee, which has sold 360 of the flags bearing the words “peace” and “No to NATO”, at least three “clearly identified” people have been visited by police officers requesting that they put away this dangerous piece of cloth.

Police chiefs for the département deny giving orders on the matter. It is a mystery who is responsible. In any case, the vocal indignation provoked by the initiative seems to have put it to an end. According to Roland Ries, “holding the NATO summit in Strasbourg must be compatible with the fundamental democratic right of freedom of expression, respecting the law and individuals, and within the framework of security measures as decreed by the police at departmental level.” “No cause, no event can justify the restriction of the freedom of expression of our fellow citizens,” declared the joint Socialist-Republican-Greens group of the Strasbourg city council.

At the same time, via a letter distributed to the residents of Strasbourg, the group has approved “the exceptional security measures put in place on this occasion, notably concerning the protection of certain sites and restrictions on movement of traffic in areas termed red or orange.” According to the group, “these arrangements are necessary to ensure all protests and journeys can run smoothly, to caution against any possible acts of violence and to ensure the optimum level of security in the town.”

http://philippef.over-blog.fr/article-29558582.html

and from the organisers of the protest:

schubert

Freedom of assembly and police harassment

The Strasbourg joint anti-NATO committee is outraged at the willingness of the police to criminalise residents of the cooperative Village taking place in Ganzau [on the outskirts of Strasbourg]. Several identity checks took place on the site of the village, by the same police officers, during a period when the initial contact with local residents gave rise to rich exchanges.

Thursday 26th: Police officers perform checks on the first residents of the village, explaining that it was the new policy of the departmental police to perform identity checks on all village organisers until it became operational.

Friday 27th: The same police officers return for further identity checks.

After several requests to the departmental police for an explanation, on Friday we were informed that it was simply a case of over-zealous police officers.

On the night of the 27th, new identity checks were performed in the surrounding area, by officers openly seeking to file the details of the participants in the alternative village.

This raises several worrying questions:

– Are the authorities capable of controlling their workforce?

– As systematic and collective identity checks can only be effected on the order of the public prosecutor, one must wonder whether such an order was given, or whether it was a case of illegal actions by police officers.

– Is it a deliberate strategy of harassment aiming to aggravate the climate of tension?

The joint anti-NATO committee requests that these practices, worthy of totalitarian systems, cease, so that the village might take place in a town that may thus display its respect for human rights and the right to opposition, in a democracy that claims to be participative.

http://sommet-otan-2009.blogspot.com/search/label/Communiqu%C3%A9s%20de%20presse

Civil liberties campaign launched in France – what was said

Posted in Translation on March 26, 2009 by belfasttobrussels

This is an extract of the speech given by the leader of France’s opposition, Martine Aubry, at the launch of its campaign for civil liberties last weekend. It highlights some of the areas of concern shared with the Campaign for Modern Liberty in Britain. Other concerns raised included databases of private information, freedom of the press and the treatment of refugees. It is notable that the centre-left opposition is speaking here against measures introduced by a right-wing government; in Britain its sister party, in government, has followed the same policies as the latter, with the opposition promising, despite Daid Davis, greater security measures.

…And what is Nicolas Sarkozy doing while the French are suffering, while the French are crying out for help – he’s talking about security.

There have been some unacceptable acts recently, as there have been many in recent history. We strongly condemn each of them. And it is true that, when a few youths entered a high school to settle some personal scores, it was right that there was a presidential visit within two days, there’s nothing odd about that. When a teacher showed great courage in intervening between students to prevent violence he had, within twenty-four hours, an audience with the President of the Republic – no doubt that will serve to comfort those teachers who are today having difficulty finding a thread of hope in governmental action. But don’t you think that the workers made redundant at Continental, at Arcelor Mittal, to whom Nicolas Sarkozy had said he would return and that the company would not close, also need the President of the Republic? And how is it that faced with the suicides of the young and even younger in prisons, having had neither guidance nor care, not one member of the government – in any case, not the President of the Republic – is rushing to say that, in a democracy, “the treatment of prisoners, the mentally ill, the marginalised, shows the level of development of a society.” That too is what we want to say, as we gather to talk about liberty.

It is as though Nicolas Sarkozy wanted to put security in the spotlight to deflect our questions about economic and social issues, and his personal failure. It doesn’t surprise us because we are used to this avoidance strategy. But we won’t be taken in by it. For socialists, security is a fundamental right, as important as access to health, education, housing and work – all now pushed down the ladder. All of us, elected representatives and mayors in particular, are fighting the reduction of police officers on the ground every day. Because community policing has been cancelled, because we no longer have preventative measures against delinquency, because local government finances are being restricted, because extracurricular tuition has been cancelled, because funds are being restricted in the areas that allow these young people their dignity.

Absolutely, security has to be improved, because it can’t be kicked into touch this time by saying ‘it’s their fault’. It’s now seven years they have been there, seven years they have been legislating towards a police state, and with no results. Let’s recall these laws, mostly for petty crime: young people found in the hallways of their own blocks of flats would be held criminally responsible; there is a demonisation of young people found in ‘gangs’ (I’d like to know how to measure what is a gang, when young people are taking a walk round town together) [the British definition allowing disbandment is “if a constable in uniform has reasonable grounds for believing that the presence or behaviour of a group of two or more persons in any public place in the relevant locality has resulted, or is likely to result, in any members of the public being intimidated, harassed, alarmed or distressed”]; minimum sentences have been introduced [previously at judges’ discretion]. These laws suggest complex questions have a simple answer, they prevent judges from considering the situation of the person before them so as to blindly implement a governmental directive – that’s the reality.

And then it’s been seven years of the politics of statistics. Statistical politics which drives police officers towards town centres where they would rather stop men and women driving without seatbelts, or on their mobile phones (albeit wrong), rather than the areas where there is trafficking, where there are serious problems, where 95% of French people are still waiting for the community policing that was cancelled. That is the real fight for security.

Since his election, Nicolas Sarkozy has been responding to society’s concerns with reductions in freedoms, trying to make the French believe that by limiting the scope of democracy and attacking freedoms, they will be safer.

We refuse to go back to a system of propaganda through fear. One that tries to make make the French believe that progress is not the first condition of order, that liberté and fraternité can be harmed in the name of so-called ‘efficiency objectives’. That even a democratic power can view justice and liberty as a straitjacket, ideals as a fallacy, without a risk to our Republic.”

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